How to play
A single deck of cards is used for play, but you also need four extra cards from another deck – a jack, queen, king and ace in four different suits – these are the four horses and go in the centre of the table. It doesn’t really matter which card is of which suit, you could have a jack of clubs, queen of diamonds, king of spades and ace of hearts, for example. Newmarket works best with 3-5 players, though you can play with 2 or 6. Shuffle all the cards, then when dealing them out, create one more hand than there are players in the game – this is the dummy hand. The dummy hand is dealt to the player to the left of the dealer, so that this player has two hands.
Each player has their own stash of coins or matchsticks. You could start with 10 or 12 each, the size of each player’s pot will determine the length of the game – more money = longer game. Each round, before looking at your hand, you must each put one matchstick in the middle (for the ante) and one on one of the four horses.
Now pick up your cards and sort your cards into suits and into ascending numbers within each suit – if you skip the hand organisation bit, you’re likely to miss plays, which will scupper your chances of winning. At this point, the player with the dummy hand can decide whether they want to keep their own hand or switch for the dummy and discard their original hand. If they decide to keep their own hand, the player to their left may pay for the dummy hand. If they don’t want it, the opportunity moves to the next player, and so on.
The player with the 2 of clubs, lays it down on the table in front of themselves and says clearly “Two of Clubs”. Play doesn’t move around in a clockwise order. Instead, the player with the 3 of clubs now plays it, laying it down just in front of themselves and saying “Three of Clubs”. Play continues with each consecutive number within that suit until play comes to a halt and a card is missing. Remember, some cards are in the discarded hand, which will cause gaps in the runs. So, for example, if the 4 of clubs is in the discarded hand, play will pause.
The active player (the one that most recently played a card), then switches and plays their lowest card of the other colour. In this case, we’re looking for the lowest red card in that player’s hand… “Five of Hearts”. Play continues, now with players ascending in the hearts. When play halts because a card is in the discarded hand, the active player switches to their lowest black card and so on. If the active player is required to play their lowest black card, but they have no black cards in hand, then the player to their left plays their lowest black instead.
When you are able to put down a card which matches one of the horses, you claim all the money on that horse. The first player to get all their cards out wins all the money in the ante and the round ends immediately. Any money that is left unclaimed on horses at the end of the round stays there for the following round. The job of the dealer rotates clockwise to the next player and the cards are shuffled and re-dealt.
As a family game, we would usually stop playing when one player has no matchsticks remaining. Though I expect that the original version of the game works more like poker with that player being eliminated from the game and the others continuing until there’s just one left standing. That’s not much fun for a family, however, and whenever we’ve played, when someone is out, we usually just give them a load more dosh. It’s about playing together, after all, not about winning.